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Technische Begriffe
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Zu technischen Begriffen aus dem Umfeld Computer und EDV finden Sie hier die Auflösung zu zahlreichen Abkürzungen.

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A

AD-Wandler Analog-Digital-Wandler

ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

AGOF ArbeitsGemeinschaft Online-Forschung

AMD (Firma) Advanced Micro Devices

ANSI American National Standards Institute

AOL America Online

APS Advanced Photo System

ARD Arbeitsgemeinschaft öffentlich-rechtlicher Rundfunkanstalten Deutschlands

ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency

ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange 

ASP (Programmierung) Actice Server Pages; (Provider) Application Service Provider

AT-Befehle (Modemsteuerung) AT = Attention

ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode

AVI (Videoformat) Audio Video Interleave

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B

BIOS Basic Input/Output System

Bit Binary Digit

BLOB Binary Large Object

bpi Bit per Inch

bps bits per second

BtoB Business to Business 

BtoC Business to Consumer

BTX Bildschirmtext

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C

CAD Computer Aided Design

CAPI Common ISDN Application Interface

CCD Charge Couple Device

CD Compact Disc

CD-ROM Compact Disc - Read Only Memory

CD-RW Compact Disc - Read and Write

CeBIT Centrum der Büro- und Informations-Technik

CEPT Conférence Européenne des Administra- tions des Postes et des Télécomunications

CERN Centre Europèen de Recherchees Nuclèaires

CGA Colour Graphics Adapter

CGI Common Gateway Interface

CIM Computer Integrated Manufacturing

CISC Complex Instructions Set Computing

CIX Commercial Internet EXchange

CMOS Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

CMYK Cyan Magenta Yellow Key

COM Common (Component) Object Model

COM-Port Communication Port

CP/M Control Program for Microcomputers

CPS Character per Second

CPU Central Processing Unit

CRT Cathode Ray Tube 

CSS Cascading Style Sheets

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D

D/A-Wandler Digital/Analog-Wandler

DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DAT Digital Audio Tape

Datex DATa EXchange

Datex-J DATa EXchange Jedermann

Datex-L DATa EXchange Line switching

Datex-M DATa EXchange-Multimegabits

DDR Double Data Rate

DENIC Deutsches Network Information Centre

DFÜ Datenfernübertragung

DHTML Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language 

DINO Deutsches INternet Organisationssystem

DMA Direct Memory Access

DMB Digital Multimedia Broadcasting

DNS Domain Name Service

DOS Disc Operation System

dpi Dots per Inch

DRAM Dynamik Random Access Memory

DSA Digital Signature StAndard

DSS1 (Euro-ISDN) Direct Station Selection

DTP Desktop Publishing

DVD Digital Versatile Disc

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E

E Electronic

E/A Eingabe/Ausgabe

E-mail Electronic Mail

E-Zine Electronic MagaZine

EARN European Academic Research Network

ECMA American 

EDI Electronic Data Interchange

EDIFACT EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport

EDO Extended Data Out

EGA Enhanced Grafic Adapter

EPROM Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

EPS Encapsulated Postcript

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F

FAQ Frequently Asked Questions

FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface

FD Floppy Disc

FSN Full Service Network

FTP File Transfer Protocol 

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G

GB GigaByte

GDI Graphical Device Interface

GIF Graphics Interchange Format 

GNU rekursive Abkürzung für: GNU's not UNIX

GPL GNU (General) Public License

GPRS General Packet Radio Services

GSM Global System for Mobile Communications

GUI Graphical User Interface

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H

HBCI Homebanking Computer Interface 

HDSCD High Speed Circuit Switched Data

HTML Hypertext Markup Language 

HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol

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I

IBM (Firma) International Business Machines

IC Integrated Circuit

IDE Integrated Drive Electronic

IETF Internet Engineering Taskforce

INTEL (Firma) INTegrated ELectronics Corporation

InterNIC International Network Information Centre

IP Internet Protocol 

IPv6 Internet Protocol Version 6

IRC Internet Relay Chat 

IrDA Infrared Data Access

ISA Industry Standard Architecture

ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network

ISO International Organization for Standardization

ISP Internet Service Provider

ITT (Firma) International Telephone and Telegraph

ITU International Telecommunication Union

IVW Informationsgemeinschaft zur Feststellung der Verbreitung von Werbeträgern

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J

JPEG (Grafikformat) Joint Photographic Experts Group

JPG (Grafikformat) s. JPEG

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K

K Kilo (1000 bzw. 1024) 

KB KiloByte

KIT Kernel for Intelligent Communication on Terminals

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L

LAN Local Area Network

Laser Light Amplification by Stimulated Emmission of Radiation

LCD Liquid Cristal Display

LED Light Emitting Diode 

LF Line Feed

lpi Lines per Inch

LPT Line Printer

LZW Lempel Zif Welsh

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M

M Mega (1 000 000 bzw. 1 048 576)

Mac Apple Macintosh-Computer

MacOS Macintosh Operation System

MB MegaByte

MIDI Musical Instruments Digital Interface

MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions 

MIPS Million Instruction per Second

MMX-Prozessor MultiMedia-EXtension-Prozessor

MO-Disc Magnetic Optical Disc

MP3 MPEG Audio Layer 3

MPEG Moving Picture Experts Group

MPU Mathematical Processing Unit

MS-DOS Microsoft Disc Operation System

MSN Microsoft Network

MUD Multi User Dungeon

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N

NC Network Computer

NCSA National Center for Suptercomputing Applications

Netiquette zusammengesetzt aus: Net und Etiquette

NFS Network File System

NIC Network Information Centre

NLQ Near Letter Quality

NNTP Network News Transfer Protocol

NTSC National Television Standards Committee 

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O

OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer

OLE Object Linking and Embedding 

OPAC Online Public Access Catalog 

OS/2 Operation System/2

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P

PAL Phase Alternating Line

PC Personal Computer

PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association

PDA Personal Digital Assistant

PDF Portable Document Format

PGP Pretty Good Privacy

PIN Persönliche Identifizierungsnummer

PING Packet INternet Groper

PoI Point of Information

PoP Point of Presence

POP Post-Office-Protocol

ppi Pixel per Inch

PPP Point to Point Protocol

PROM Programmable Read Only Memory

PS Photoshop

PSP Paint Shop Pro

PW Paßwort

Px Pixel

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Q

QWERTZ Abfolge der ersten sechs Buchstaben auf einer deutschen Tastatur 

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R

RAM Random Access Memory

RFC Requests for Comments

RGB Rot Grün Blau (Red Green Blue)

RIP Raster Image Processor

RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computer

RO Read Only

ROD Rewritable Optical Disc

ROM Read Only Memory

RTF Rich Text Format

RW Read and Write 

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S

SCSI Small Computer System Interface

SDR Single Data Rate

SECAM SEquential Couleur Avec Memoire

SET Secure Electronic Transactions

SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language

SHTML Secure Hypertext Markup Language

SHTTP Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol

SIMM Single Inline Memory Module

SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol

SMDS Switched Multimegabit Data Service

SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SMS Short Message System

Spooler Simultaneous Peripheral Operations On Line

SQL Structured Query Language

SRAM Static Random Access Memory

SSFDC Solid State Floppy Disc Card

SSL Secure Socket Layer 

SVGA Super Video Graphics Array

Sysop Systemoperator

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T

TAN Transaktionsnummer

TCP Transfer Control Protocol

TCP/IP Transfer Control Protocol / Internet Protocol

TDSL Telekom (Asymmetric) Digital Subscriber Line

TFT Thin Film Technology

TIF s. TIFF

TIFF (Grafikformat) Tagged Image File Format

TTL (Elektronik) Transitor Transistor Logic; (Foto) Through The Lens 

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U

UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver- Transmitter

UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System

URI Uniform Resource Identifier

URL Uniform Resource Locator 

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V

VESA Video Electronics Standard Association

VGA Video Graphics Array

VRAM Video Random Access Memory

VRML Virtual Reality Markup Language 

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W

W3C World Wide Web Consortium

WAIS Wide Area Information Server

WAN Wide Area Network

WAP Wireless Application Protocol

Webcam Web Camera

WINCIM CompuServe Information Manager für Windows

Wintel Zusammenziehung aus: Windows und Intel

WMF (Grafikformat) Windows Metafile Format

WML Wireless Markup Language

WWW World Wide Web

WYSIWYG What You See Is What You Get

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X

XGA Extended Graphics Array

XHTML Extensible Hypertext Markup Language

XML Extensible Markup Language 

XPath Extensible Stylesheet Language Path Language

XSL Extensible Stylesheet Language

XSLT Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations

XT Extended Technology

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Y

YAHOO Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle

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Z

ZDF Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen 

ZIF Zero Insettion Force

ZIP (Komprimierung) Zig-zag Inline Package/Pin; (Protokolle) Zone Information Protocol

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